Did you know that the 3-point seatbelts every car is equipped with in this day and age was actually invented by Volvo?
Seatbelts date from as back as the 19th century. It is believed that the belt was invented by a British engineer, named George Cayley, even though an American man, named Edward J. Claghorn, received the patent for the very first seatbelt.
Nowadays every single car available on the market is using the 3-point seatbelt, since it’s a safety improvement from the 2-point belt, which also doesn’t inflict the injuries (paralysis, lumbar vertebrae separation, etc.) that the 2-point belt can inflict on the passenger or driver. The first 3-point seat belt was invented by Volvo and was introduced on the market in the distant 1959. The first two models, which featured the new seatbelt, were Volvo PV 544 and 1959’s Volvo 122. Since the 3-point seatbelt was considered a great improvement from the 2-point one, Volvo decided that they shouldn’t keep the new safety equipment just for themselves. Instead, they mastered the technology of the 3-poit safety belts and sold the patent to all other vehicle manufacturers for free. They did that for the sake of safety for drivers and passengers from all across the world.
Nils Ivar Bohlin was the man, who actually developed the 3-point seatbelt. He was working at Volvo as a safety engineer and received the patent for his invention in 1959 after the belt was tested and approved. The engineer, also worked with Saab, and was part of the team of engineers, who developed the ejection seats. In the following years he received a number of awards for his inventions, including a prestigious spot in the Automotive Hall of Fame and the National Inventors Hall of Fame.